Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies

   

 

History of VSUET

Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies is considered to be founded in 1930, when Voronezh Institute of Food Industry was created.

However its history actually began in 1923, when the agrochemical faculty of Voronezh Agricultural Institute developed the technological branch. It was initiated by the head of Voronezh Agricultural Institute prof. A.V. Dumansky.

The goal of the new branch was training specialists for sugar, starch, fat, fermenting and leather industries.

The branch had two departments: the one of general chemistry and the one of agricultural technology. The head of the first one was prof. A.V. Dumansky, the head of the second one was ceramics engineer M.V. Yevteyev.

In 1924 P.M. Silin became the head of the agricultural technology department and in 1925 he became the head of technological branch of agricultural faculty in Voronezh Agricultural Institute.

In 1929 г. technological branch was reorganized into technological faculty. P.M. Silin became its Head.

On June, 3, 1930, technological faculty was turned into an independent educational institution Voronezh Institute of Food Industry of Peoples Commissariat of Commerce of RSFSR. It included three departments: mechanical, technological and of economic planning. The goal of new institution was preparing engineers for starch, sugar, fermenting and alcohol industry. Its head was A.M. Pavlov with P.M.Silin as his deputy.

In June, 1931, it was decided to reorganize Voronezh Institute of Food Industry to give it a sectoral specialisation. There were four faculties established: sugar, starch, fermenting and alcohol. They were supposed to prepare technology engineers in chemistry, technology and economics. As of December, 1, 1931, there were 712 students of Voronezh Agricultural Institute in it.

In June, 1932, Voronezh Institute of Food Industry was renamed to Voronezh Institute of Chemistry and Technology. That same year there was an attempt to found a pedagogical faculty at the institute. It was supposed to train teachers for institutions and technical schools of food industry. However, the new undertaking didnt go on. The demand of technology engineers and chemists was so great that all the beginners were transferred to the fermentation faculty.

Preparing staff for organizations of food and chemical industry the institution kept on the connection with them, studied and spread their innovate experience, developed the guides for different problems of agricultural products recycling technology. Great work in this direction was done by the sweeteners department. It was here where original physic-chemical school headed by prof. P.M.Silin was formed. Particularly in 1933 he published the book titled Sugar Production Chemistry that was of great help to practicing workers.

In 1936 V.I.Popov initiated the creation of experimental laboratory of alcohol and other fermentation products production. This little plant as students called it gave a visual representation of the technical equipment of enterprises, let explore equipment in the process of its functioning. That same year due to dissolution of Poltava mechanic-technological institute a large group of students was transferred to Voronezh Institute of Chemistry and Technology.

In 1940 mechanical faculty was created in the institute. The number of students increased to 1500, the faculty strengthened. All their strength was given to training qualified staff by the scientists like A.V.Dumansky, P.M.Silin, A.I.Borshchevsky, I.D.Buromsky, N.N.Rosanov, M.V.Likhosherstov, V.N.Stabnikov, S.E.Kharin, M.O.Omelyanovsky, V.I.Popov and others.

The beginning of the Great Patriotic War (June, 22, 1941) drastically changed the regular rhythm of institute life. Many students and employees went to war. The war transformed not only the program of training engineers, but also the research topics of the institute. Its employees took part in design of so called tube, a detail of a reactive mortar (famous Katyusha), in depeloping anti-incendiary means.

In summer 1942 front line approached Voronezh. On the night on June, 29 institute campus was attacked by fascist bombers, and as a result the engineer building and many other buildings were damaged. Lessons continued underground. On July, 5 the battles were taking place on the southern and western outskirts of Voronezh. The urgent evacuation began. Students, teachers and their families with private and institute property moved to Borisoglebsk where they got into trains. On the night on July, 21 the echelon left. On August, 20 it arrived to Biysk, Altai region. Institute was placed in the village of the local sugar factory. The school year began in due time.

The news of the defeat of the Nazis on the Upper Don brought in the talk about returning to Voronezh soon. However, academic and residential buildings in the city were destroyed. There was an option of temporary accommodation of Voronezh institute of Chemistry and Technology in the territory of Ramon sugar factory, that hadnt returned from evacuation yet. Associate professor S.Z. Ivanov was appointed the director of the filial branch. The school year began on November, 1, 1943. 220 students (including 150 first-year students) started studies. On June, 26, 1944 first four cars with the institute property and a small number of staff arrived from Biysk. A month later the train with the students, staff, equipment and library came. Scattered parts of Voronezh institute of Chemistry and Technology united.

By establishing the educational process and creating the material base of the branch, the administration of the institute at the same time prepared the ground for re-evacuation of Voronezh institute of Chemistry and Technology from Biysk to Voronezh. One of the main concerns of that time was reconstruction work in the institute campus. They were run by associate professor N.A.Chayanov, who had been appointed the director of construction of Voronezh institute of Chemistry and Technology. The first to rise from the ruins was the Chemical building.

Victorious 1945 fell on the 15th anniversary of the Institute. By the beginning of the new academic year the construction work on the right wing of the Chemical building was completed. Voronezh branch of the Institute of Chemistry and Technology was created here. Its director was associate professor N.A.Chayanov.

After the victory in Great Patriotic War the country turned to resurrection of destroyed economy. Voronezh rose from the ruins too. But in terms of its recovery it needed so many facilities, that for all there was neither cash nor building materials nor capable workers. It is quite clear that the revival of VICT at the moment could not be regarded as a priority. In addition, it was time to liberate the premises of a sugar factory in Ramon.

On November, 8, 1945, it was decided to transfer VICT to Leningrad. In 1950 in the structure of the institute, which now was called the Leningrad Technological Institute of Food Industry (LTIFI), there were some changes. Sugar Technology Department was liquidated, the Department of General technology of food production was newly recreated, and fermentation department was divided into two independent ones of alcohol technology and of fermentation technology. Another department was opened - one of Technology of bread, pasta and confectionery products. It was headed by associate professor P.M. Plotnikov.

Eminent scientists became employees of the institute: laureate of State Prize professor A.M.Malkov (fermentation technology), professors M.I.Knyaginichev (organic chemistry), V. Y. Chastukhin (technical microbiology), B. V. Ptitsyn (inorganic chemistry), Y. К. Novodranov (physical and colloid chemistry), V. I. Ivannikov (technical mechanics) and others.

In 1951 associate professor S.S.Ivanov was appointed the rector of the Institute.

By the end of November 1955 the Institute has become a major institution of higher education for training engineers of food industry. It had two faculties - technological and mechanical (day and evening department), twenty departments, four specialist departments:

- Bakery technology, macaroni and confectionery;

- Fermentation industries;

- Alcohol production;

- Mechanical equipment for food production.

Institute trained generalists for biochemical processing of carbohydrates. At the disposal of the teachers and students there were more than 20 laboratories of general and analytical chemistry, physical and colloid chemistry, microbiology, biochemistry, technology of metals and others, as well as the offices of the construction business, foreign languages. The Institute library consisted of over 12 thousand volumes. The institute was approximately 1,500 people, including 1,300 students and 100 faculty members. Educational and scientific work was carried out by 12 doctors and professors, 42 Ph.D. and associate professors, 58 assistants.

On February, 14, 1959 the USSR Council of Ministers adopted a decree on the transfer of LTIFI to Voronezh "in connection with the ordering of a network of educational institutions in the country and their approach to the production". This meant a radical reorganization of the institution with the new stage of development of the national economy and its demand for engineering and technical personnel. The Institute was then called the Voronezh Institute of Technology and belonged to higher educational institutions of the second category. Two buildings were given to the institute for educational purposes -- pre-war medical school, which temporarily housed the Regional Committee of the Party (Revolution Av., 19), and building on Srednemoskovskaya St., 54. The hostel was a housing in the Studencheskaya St, 36.

So, in 1959 in Voronezh it appeared the ninth higher education institution. A new stage in the development of the Voronezh Institute of Technology (VTI) began. It becomes one of the largest technical institutions in the country. If earlier Leningrad trained staff for three specialities, now the number increased to twelve. The number of faculties increased from two to six, of departments from 20 to 32. The contingent of students increased from 1300 to 5000, and teachers - from 110 to 300. According to it the educational and economic base and the state staff were promoting.

The structure of the VIT was at the moment like that:

Chemical faculty Faculty of Technology Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
  • Technology of basic organic and petrochemical synthesis;
  • Synthetic rubber technology;
  • Rubber Technology.
  • Technology of sugary substances;
  • Bakery technology, macaroni and confectionery production;
  • Technology of Fermentation;
  • Technology of milk and dairy products;
  • Technology of meat and meat products.
  • Machines and Apparatus for Chemical Industry;
  • Machines and equipment for food production;
  • Automation and Integrated Mechanization of chemical-engineering processes.

Now the institute was to train specialists of three directions: chemical engineers, process engineers, and mechanical engineers of twelve profiles. The specialization of departments fulfilled this aim.

Development plan of the Institute demanded significant educational and laboratory areas. Since it became clear that the superstructure of the old housing will not solve this problem, it was considered appropriate to construct a new one. Construction of the first stage of the educational and laboratory building began next to the institute, where blown up by the Nazis Palace of Pioneers was situated.

Since 1962, the institute began to operate the fourth faculty of secondary technical education. It was Voronezh Mechanics and Technology College, organically included in the VIT. This provided more favorable conditions for the training of mid-level specialists. On the secondary technical faculty they trained engineers on seven specialties: analytical chemistry, organic synthesis technology, rubber technology, equipment, chemical and oil and gas processing plants, maintenance of chemical equipment of chemical plants, synthetic rubber technology, measuring and control instruments.

On January, 1, 1964 the first issue of the institute's large-circulation newspaper "For Science" (Editor V.M. Fefelov) was published.

In the department of technology of basic organic synthesis and synthetic rubber was created the first in the institute branch laboratory with professor I.I.Yukelson at the head. Laboratory staff soon provided the results of three economically effective researches for industrial use.

The structure of the institute continued to perfect, teaching improved. In January 1964 evening faculty was established. Its head was S.L. of descriptive geometry department A.N.Chayanov.

In 1965 Voronezh Institute of Technology got the status of the first category institution. By the time the measures to enhance the profile and strengthen the material base were mostly over. If after returning to Voronezh the institute got three building, three campi and some flats, now big new building, two campus buildings and a house were introduced. School area increased thrice, the number of campus places did four times. The number of faculty and staff increased from 90 to 435 persons. Total number of students, faculty and staff grew to eight thousand people.

New faculties were added to already existing technological and mechanical, they were chemical, secondary technical, evening and extramural. In four studying and laboratory buildings there were six faculties, 32 departments, 68 laboratories, three cabinets and four halls of diploma design. At five faculties the institute trained staff for food and chemical industry in twelve specialties.

In 1965 the first educating machine K-54 appeared in the institute. It was the first step to programmed training.

Since January, 1, 1967 two more branch laboratories were opened. At the head of the first one of physical and chemical food industry was professor S.E.Kharin. The laboratory staff explored decrease of chemical loss of sugar in sugar and starch production, studied physical and chemical properties of ferments and microorganisms, the problem of conditions of separating of three-component liquid mixtures by rectification and distillation.

The second branch laboratory for exploring synthetic rubber properties and developing formulations of rubber compounds based on them with associate professor A.D.Silin at the head was engaged in a comprehensive topic for tire plants. The main direction was studying of the properties of block copolymers of butadiene and styrene and finding the ways to use them for manufacture of rubber products.

Since September 1975 in Voronezh Institute of Technology the Preparatory faculty for non-residents (head associate professor I.P.Palash) began to function. There were 120 students from Asia, Africa, Latin America.

 

 

 

 

 

     A.V. Dumansky

      (1880 - 1967)

 

 

          P.M. Silin

       (1887 - 1967)